Chrome Extensions vs. Themes vs. Applications
Extensions: Boost browser functionality
Extensions extend the functionality of Google Chrome and the websites being viewed in it. They are usually in effect across all websites (though some are site-specific).
Themes: Customize browser appearance
Themes personalize the appearance of the browser by changing the color scheme and background. Themes also change the appearance of everything from the tabs to the scrollbar. However, unlike extensions, changing a theme does not change how Chrome works.